Museum of the Origins of Man


Fig. 9A1) Zooanthropomorphic two-faced lithic sculpture. It represents a human head (on the left) with joined through the nape the rests of a head of mammal (on the right) that represent a divinity gone in disuse, or the head of a mammal covered from a hat, for unknown reasons, but that would be deepened.
The circle with a hole between the two heads is a sacred symbol, in how much, in the zone some sculptures of human heads have been found , that have same symbol on forehead. The human head is lacking in ears.This has sure a precise meant.
Size: unknown, perhaps cm. 15 approximately.
Origin: Mohenjo-daro, Indian Region.
Third millenium.

Fig. 9A2) Zooanthropomorphic two-faced sculpture in terracotta. It represents half head of mammal (on the left) joined to half human head (on the right).
The mammal head seems an artistic hybrid man-animal, as it has the structure of the head of the feline, a partially human nose, human teeth, a lengthened tongue of the dog. The lengthened tongue is present in many sculptures of the center-south America, and far-oriental Asia. Human head has a ear-ring.
Size: height cm. 22.8 - widht cm. 20.
Origin: Central Mexico.
Dating: from III sec. B.C. to III sec. a.D. upper Preclassic Period.
International museum of the Ceramics in Faenza, Italy.
Courtesy Prof. Gian Carl Bojani, Director of the Museum.
For a study about this sculpture, see "The anthropomorphic ceramics of Mexico in relation to the zooanthropomorphic lithic sculpture of the european Paleolithic", in Paleolithic Art Magazine, 2000.

Fig. 9A3) Zooanthropomorphic two-faced sculpture in terracotta (Drawing). It represents half human head (on the left) and half skull (on the right). Human head is an artistic hybrid man-animal, in how much it has a lengthened tongue, that is not a human tongue. In Mexico, by scholars, this sculpture is interpreted like " mask that represents dualism life-death ".
Size: height cm. 8.5; widht cm. 7.3.
Origin: Tlatilco, Mexico.
Middle Preclassic period.

Fig. 9A4) Zooanthropomorphic two-faced sculpture in bronze. It represents a man, Osiris, with joined through the nape a bovine head. It re-enters in a pre-Christian cult, however, in parallel to the Christianity.
Origin: Villa Adriana, Serapeo del Campo, Tivoli (Rome)
Dating: 131-138 BC., imperial roman age, second part of Reign of Adrian.
Size: perhaps cm. 60 approximately.
Collocation: Rome




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