Museum of the Origins of Man

HUMAN HEADS WITH ANIMAL HEADS IN POST-PALEOLITHIC SCULPTURE




Fig. 6A1) Zooanthropomorphic lithic sculpture.It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. The archeologists that have made searches in the zone of this finding consider it " a man fish ", and this attribution probably refers to the lips of sweet water fish. It has been produced in Mesolithic from a population fishing in Danube River.
Typology of this sculpture traces back to anthropomorphic and paleolithic zooanthropomorphic lithic sculpture, for every component of it, and in particular for the look up, and absence of ears.
Other sculptures " equal " to this have been found in the zone, therefore it can be considered absolutely " idol ", like statues-stele of Lunigiana, or statues of Easter Island and so on.
Size: perhaps cm. 50 approximately.
Origin: Lepenskij Vir, Yugoslavia.
Material culture: Mesolithic.


Fig. 6A2) Zooanthropomorphic sculpture in terracotta. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. With his hands he covers his eyes, and undoubtebly it had meaning in the cult. It is art of the first urban civilizations.
Size: small.
Origin: Mohenjo-daro, Indian Region.

Fig. 6A3) Zooanthropomorphic sculpture in bronze. This small sculpture represents an artistic hybrid man-animal, in a fashionable particularly elaborated style of those years. The features of the animal are the horns, the ears and the mouth.
Size: cm. 6.5.
Origin: China
Age: IX - VIII Century B.C.


Fig. 6A4) Zooanthropomorphic sculpture in terracotta It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal; face is human, ears are of animal.
It is a mask used for cult rituals.
Art of the Phoenicians (Sant'Antioco).


Fig. 6A5) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. Head is human; teeth are human and of animal, tongue is of animal. The style is between geometric and caricaturale. It is an ancestral " pole " called " Butugur ".
Size: height mt. 2; wood of black color.
Origin: Southeastern Borneo.


Fig. 6A6) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. The teeth are human and of animal; the tongue is of animal. The style deforms the face, that is nearly invented in order to obtain the horrible expression. It is a mask used for the rituals of cult of the Indians.
Origin: Guatemala.



Fig. 6A7) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. It represents an artistic hybrid kneeler man-animal. The style deforms the entire figure, in great part invented, in order to obtain the horrible expression, however extremely elegant. This taste of the horrible, that has religious roots much evident, in some periods, joins the art of Asia extreme-oriental to the art of the Center-South America.
Size: height mt. 1.40.
Origin: Hsin Yang, Honan, China.
Dating:III Century B.C.



Fig. 6A8) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture.It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. The face is human; the enormous tongue and the horns are of animal. The horns are of a stag
Size: height cm. 82.
Origin: Ch' ang Sha, Hunan, China.
Dating: III - II Century B.C.
British Museum, London.


Fig. 6A9) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. The stylistic language is one of most complex known, as it melts together zooanthropomorphic representation,in great part invented, and decoration.
Size: Perhaps higher than a person.
Origin: New Zeland.
Museum of Primitive Art, now transferred to Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York.


Fig. 6A10) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. It can be said that this sculpture is " the true type " of artistic hybrid man-animal, in how much every character of the head, both human and animal, is really melted together. To the contrary of the sculpture of New Zeland (Fig. 6A9), it is without decoration.
It is a " commemorative " mask used for cult rituals.
Origin: Bron, Ghana.
York.


Fig. 6A11) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal, that in this case is a seal. It is colored in red, green and black. It is a mask for dance in the rituals of cult.
Origin: North America.



Fig. 6A12) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. It is a theatral mask, that has religious origins and traditions. It is much colorful, and stylistic language of the shape is melted with decoration.
Origin: Thailand.



Fig. 6A13) Zooanthropomorphic sculpture in terracotta. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. It is a sitting man. Face has mixed features of man and animal. It has a hat with a human face realized in a nearly geometric and fanciful style, and on the chest it has an other human face. These two faces have sure a symbolic meant, and are not only two decorations.
It represents " Cocijo sitting, the God of the rain ".
Size: height cm. 19.
Origin: Monte Alban, Mexico.
Dating 400 - 600 a.D.


Fig. 6A14) Zooanthropomorphic wooden sculpture. Applied art. It is a wood cup with two handles constituted from a man and an artistic hybrid man-animal. The cover has the handle constituted from a man and a hybrid man-animal. The decoration is intense. Also objects of use have an evident connection with the religion.
Art of Maori.



Fig. 6A15) Anthropomorphic sculpture in bronze. (Detail ). It represents Gubujo, one of the eight gards of the statue of Buddha. It has a hat constituted from an animal head. It is a minor divinity.
Positioning: Kofuku - Ji to Nara, Japan.
Nara Period; 734 a:D.

Fig. 6A16) Zooanthropomorphic sculpture in bronze. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. The workmanship of the sculpture is rough. The human figure is proportioned; the features of the animal are of various type. Legs are of a rapax bird. Wings seem feathered, that is of a bird, but four wings in this disposition are to assign to the butterfly; nose and mouth are of a mammal. It has the beard of a dignitary. Its name is " Pazuzu Demon ".
Size: height cm. 14.
Origin: Iraq.
Dating: 800 - 600 B.C.
Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, USA.


Fig. 6A17) Zooanthropomorphic sculpture in ceramics. It represents an artistic hybrid man-animal. Head is a mix of feline and man. Body is human and vertical, but it is intentionally of horrible taste.
Other sculptures of hybrids man-animal of the Jomon period make us to believe in a varied typology of artistic hybrids man-animal, that sure had different religious meant ( see Fig.8A18 and Fig.8A20).
Size: small
Origin: Japan
Jomon Period.
National museum of Tokio.


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