Museum of the Origins of Man


Fig. 12A1) Monolithic anthropomorphic sculpture (menhir).
It represents a human head with neck and great grooved eye. The head is entirely modeled: forehead, nose, chin, jaw.
Size: height approximately 250 cm.
Placement: alignments of menhirs at Le Ménec, Carnac, Britain, France.
Material culture: Neolithic or Mesolithic.
Photo: Elisabeth Nay-Scheibler (see bibliography).

Fig. 12A2) Monolithic anthropomorphic sculpture. Representations of men with body and arms, whithout legs. In this photo the body is covered from the ground felt from a mountain. Body can be seen in this page (see below, Fig. 4A9), where the seven colossus are aligned, but probably at the origin they were not aligned; therefore this photo is reliable for the original placement in the slope of the mountain.
These colossus had a cylindrical hat of rock coloured reddish, as it is looked below in this page (Fig. 4A9,1).
These sculptures, all equal, through parallelisms with sculptures of historical divinities, european and from Asia, would have to represent a same divinity. However their grouping could have different religious meaning.
Size: see the people in photography.
Placement: Easter Island (place of cult).

Fig. 12A3) Monolithic anthropomorphic sculpture. It represents a gigantic head without neck, similar to head of Fig. 12A4 .
It represents a divinity.
Size: see people in photography.
Provenance: Tuxtla, Mexico.
Olmeca Culture.
Dating: approximately 500 BC - 200 A.D.
Present placement : ?

Fig. 12A4) Monolithic anthropomorphic sculpture.
It represents a gigantic head without neck, as many paleolithic colossus without neck.
It represents a divinity .
Size: height. cm. 270. width cm. 190.
Provenance: S.Lorenzo Tenochtitlàn, Veracruz, Mexico.
Olmeca Culture.
Dating: 850 - 150 BC

Fig. 12A5) Monolithic anthropomorphic colossus.
It represents Costantino Emperor. This marble sculpture, probably, was complete of the entire body. The Emperor had also divine attributions.
Size: visually deduced from doors and window back.
Dating: Costantino was a roman emperor from 306 until 337 A.D..
Photo 1934.
Present placement: Roma, Italy.

Fig. 12A6) Monolithic anthropomorphic colossus (detail).
It represents a foot of a marble colossus.
In the photo P.Gaietto with his son Giulio.
Dating: approximately 300 A.D.
Present placement: Rome, Italy.
Photo: Licia Filingeri, 1980.

Fig. 12A7) Monolithic anthropomorphic colossus (detail).
It represents the hand of a marble colossus.
In photo little Giulio Gaietto.
Dating: approximately 300 A.D.
Placement: Rome, Italy.
Photo: Licia Filingeri, 1980.

Fig. 12A8) Anthropomorphic colossal sculpture .
Drawing of "idol" from the book "Round-the-world trip" (Venice, 1841).
Sculpture probably was in bronze.
Indian region.


Fig. 12A9) Anthropomorphic colossal sculpture.
Drawing representing a sculpture of God Canone, son of Amida, with five peoples whorshipping them.
From the book "Round-the-world trip" (Venice, 1841).
The sculpture probably was in bronze.

Fig. 12A10) Anthropomorphic colossal sculpture.
Sculpture in stone.
It represents a divinity.
Size: height 17 meters.
Dating: 1100 A.D.

Fig. 4A9) Lithic colossal sculpture. It represents a man with body and arms, without legs.
Collocation: Easter Island.
Easter Island was a place of cult of the populations of the continent. This is a typical "idol" that is repeated the same.These sculptures have been conserved because the island is nearly deserted; in other places, with change of religions, the sculptures were destroyed in order to re-use the material. These "idols" had a hat. (see Fig. 4A9,1 ).

Fig. 4A9,1) Drawing (from "Round-the-world trip", Venice, 1841). Easter Island.
These idols are in gray stone, with a reddish hat in stone on the head. These sculptures are absolutely in the tradition of Paleolithic sculpture and religion.

Fig. 4A11) Human head with pointed hat. (P.Gaietto in photography, in order to express dimensions. Photo by Licia Filingeri, 1976).
Origin: Egypt.
Cultural attribution: Ancient Egypt.
Pointed hat characterized apexes of the population of Ancient Egypt; therefore, tradition of the mousterian age. But it was also fashionable, for an aesthetic fact (perhaps also religious), to provoke to a baby a pointed head with appropriate bandages to the nape. This use, with various methods, is found in several parts of the world, near populations in which the sculpture predominates in art. Cultural dimension of these customs is referred to the paleolithic sculpture of human heads.
Collocation: Louvre, Paris.

Fig.13A1) Buddha Leshan, Fengxiam Temple, Grotte Longmen, Luoyang, Dinastia Tang (618-907 A.D.). Anthropomorphic rock sculpture representing Buddha, known as "the enlightened" and founder of Buddhism in 528 B.C. about.

For other images of rock sculptures, see Aegypt ( Fig. 34,4) and China (Fig. 34,5).




Copyright©1999-2009 by Museo delle Origini dell'Uomo, all rights reserved.