Museum of the Origins of Man
ENGRAVING, PAINTING, SCULPTURE FROM THE PRE-WRITING TO THE WRITING IN THE POST-PALEOLITHIC
Fig. Fig. 33A5) Rock petroglyph with remarkable variety of subjects.
Age: perhaps Bronze age
Origin: Beson Nos, North Russia
NOTE: it is probable that this cliff fragment with the petroglyphs has been detached from the cliff by some collector, and therefore removed from original cult place.
All the portrayed scenes are for narrative need and herald the invention of writing.
Fig. F55) Pictographic engraving at the origin of writing .
Built on a limestone tablet on both sides.
Kish, Mesopotamia (Iraq).
Age: about 5500 years ago.
On the tablet are engraved signs for head, hand and foot, an hammer, for thresh and the numerals.
It is clear that the writing comes in the tradition of two-dimensional art.
Fig F56) Ancient Chinese Writing (ideograms) painted on oracolar bones.
The use of oracular or divination bones was widespread in the Neolithic of Lung Shan, which began about 6000 years ago. Its origin should be traced back to the Paleolithic. During the Paleolithic engravings and geometric paintings on animal bone were made.
In the Neolithic bones were smooth, and in the era of Shang Dynasty, about 3500 years ago (see photo above) oracular bones have the inscription with the question and the answer of the oracle. Were used blades of oxen, pigs and sheep and sometimes shells of turtles.
The questions ranged from the weather conditions for farmers, to requests for advice on military campaigns.
Fig. F57) Hieroglyphic inscription engraved on basalt.
Late Hittite civilization, 1200-700 B.C.
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara, Turkey.
Writing is an extracorporeal implement related to memory.
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