Museum of the Origins of Man




THE ORIGIN OF THE TEMPLE WITH A STONE ALTAR AND A TWO-FACED GOD IN THE PALEOLITHIC





In El Juyo Cave, Santander, Spain, closed for millennia, a monolith squared of the weight nearly 1000 kg, carried purposely in the cavern, has been found.
The monolith was,and still is layed on a support of terra, and contains sacrifical offers, constituted from molluscs, seeds and small boneses of animals.
This monolith has been considered an altar by discoverers: Prof. Leslie Freeman of the University of Chicago and by others archaeologists from Spain.
Sculpture was placed in front of the altar.It represents half human head joined to half head of feline, that represents a God.
The discoverers think that El Juyo Cave is the most ancient temple known .
Its absolute dating is 14,000 years.

It is necessary to make a comparison with the franc-cantabric caves with zoomorphic paintings, of the same time of the temple of El Juyo. In these caves, that are tens, not have been found stone altars, and no more two-faced anthropomorphic or zooanthropomorphic lithic sculptures, but only zoomorphic, paintings. Therefore, they are sacred places of cult or places for magic rituals, but not temples with divinity. People with zoomorphic painting, moreover, did not work the great stone.

The temple of El Juyo is connected with the paleolithic civilizations who produced colossus and worked megaliths. It is at the origin of the prehistoric post-paleolithic temples, and also of the historical temples.
The zooanthropomorphic sculpture found in the cavern, being unique, is testimony of an only God, at least in those temple of 14.000 years ago.


Fig. 34,1) Drawing of the two-faced zooanthropomorphic lithic sculpture of El Juyo, now in Museum of Altamira (see Fig. 9,9).
The drawing of the sculpture is work of the Americans and Spanish discoverers, while the three demonstrative drawings are by P.Gaietto.



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