Museum of the Origins of Man
SHORT OUTLINE OF THE TWO-DIMENSIONAL POST-PALEOLITHIC ART
The two-dimensional art of the upper Paleolithic, up to now discovered, was produced throughout Europe and Asia.
Following the migration of man, this art is found in any other continent, greatly enriched in the composition, since there are only representations of animals, but also with human hunting scenes, dances, wars and so on.
The two-dimensional art on walls is no longer produced in caves, but painted on the walls of shelters under rock or scratched as graffiti on the cliffs outside.
Mesolithic in the art does not differ much from the Paleolithic art. Then it ceases to exist everywhere, except for some people, like the Bushmen in South Africa and the Australian Aboriginals which have continued until today.
The Bushmen have yellow skin like Inuit people and their skeletons are similar to that of Homo sapiens sapiens Chancelade type, which in Palaeolithic period was the author of two-dimensional art in Eurasia.
The two-dimensional art, as we have already mentioned, has its origins in East Asia. Between its typological components it has the "movement", which is found in Palaeolithic period and during post-Paleolithic until the historical time in populations with yellow skin worldwide. Only recently, the "movement" is in two-dimensional art of "white man", mainly in comics.
The first images in "movement" are in magdalenian art (upper Paleolithic) only with representations of animals (Fig. F41); then in Spanish Mesolithic with complex scenes with men and animals (Fig. 32A3). In Bushmen art the "movement" is very pronounced (Fig. F42). Even at the Indians of North America, where we can note that the depictions of animals are better than human depictions, such as imitation (Fig. F43). Instead, in China, when agriculture had prevailed on the hunt, the scenes of "movement"still continue, as in the miners image of about 1800 years ago (Fig. F44). But also in "not religious" art, again in China 1900 years ago, the human figure reaches high levels of quality of "movement" with the facial expressions and kind gestures (Fig. F45).
The two-dimensional art has endless applications for each function and on each type of object.
Tattoos, now very fashionable among young people, were already in use for the embellishment of the body in the Asian populations.
The photograph, which has replaced in many functions the painting, can be considered two-dimensional art and is used everywhere as decoration, such as advertising, in magazines, books, newspapers and so forth.
Copyright©1999-2009 by Museo delle Origini dell'Uomo, all rights reserved.