Museo delle Origini dell'Uomo

TWO-HEADED WOMEN IN POST-PALEOLITHIC SCULPTURE




Fig. 8A26) Anthropomorphic two-headed sculpture in terracotta. It represents a naked woman (Venus) with two heads.
Representation of a naked woman (venus) with two heads.
Size: height. cm. 14.
Origin: Campo Ceresole near Vho di Piadena (Lombardia, Italy). Diggings 1976.
Material culture: Neolithic.
Dating: end V millenium B.C.
Collocation: Archaeological Soprintendenza of Lombardia, Museo Comunale Archeologico Antiquarium Platina di Piadena.
This sculpture has been found in several fragments, without a leg, and has been restored.
It represents a woman with two heads, and represents a divinity.
The shape of the heads reproduces the shape of the hair, enriched by ornamental patterns, traced with little lines as "V" present also in the dorsal side. Not represented the elements of the face; the sharp breast and the globose buttocks jut out from the rectilinear body of the figure.
This statuine in terracotta was covered from a thin black ingobbio, of which are found traces in the lower part of the body and on the left head.
(See:Affinities between the paleolithic venus with two heads of the Balzi Rossi (Liguria) and the neolithic venus with two heads of campo Ceresole (Lombardia, Italy, Europe). by P.Gaietto, 2002, Paleolithic Art Magazine).




Fig. 8A7) Anthropomorphic two-faced sculpture in ceramics. (Drawing). It represents a naked woman with two-faced head. By Mexican archeologists, these two-faced venus are interpreted like " symbol of a double fruit or of the principle of the duality, at the roots of the mesoamerican religious philosophy, to which is attributed propitiatory character ".
Size: from cm. 6 to cm. 13, in average cm. 10.
Origin: Tlatilco, Mexico.
Dating: from 1100 to 500 years B.C.
National Museum of Anthropology, City of Mexico


Fig. 8A8) Two-faced anthropomorphic sculpture in ceramics. It represents a naked woman with two-faced heads. (see figure caption Fig. 8A7).


Fig. 8A9) Two-faced anthropomorphic sculpture in ceramics. It represents a naked woman with two heads. (see figure caption Fig. 8A7).


Fig. 8A14) Anthropomorphic sculpture four-faced in bronze (Drawing) This sculpture seems an English statuine end nineteenth century, nearly " Liberty ", both for dress and for hat; instead it is a divinity having a head with four faces. The civilization that has produced it sure had great richness and great culture. Interesting the dress, similar to that of Goddess of the snakes (Fig. 8A11). Found associated to a male divinity(Fig.5A22) having head with four faces, and equally elegant. We think that these two sculptures in bronze have been made by a same artist.
Size: height cm. 16.2.
Origin: Iraq.
Dating: 1800 - 1700 years B.C.
Oriental Institute, University of Chicago, USA.


Fig. F11) Idol with two heads (extinct religion). Sculpture, 5,2 cm high. Alabaster. Early third millennium BC. Beycesultan, Turkey. The body in the form of a disk could allude to a sun divinity. But the anthropomorphic shape is all geometric: heads are triangular, necks cylindrical, and body decorations circular. The variations on the imitation of the human figure are really fantastic.Probably it is a feminine divinity, as "Venus" with two heads. Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara, Turkey.




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